The Unlimited, Unconditional Mercy of Nityananda
The Deities of Parama Karuna Sri-Sri Nitai-Gaurachandra,
chosen by Srila Gurudev and now installed in the Temple of Caracas,
graced by his divine presence.
koruna, pahun dui jana,
saba avatara- sara siromani,
two Lords, Nitai-Gauracandra, are very merciful. They are the
essence of all incarnations. The specific significance of these
incarnations is that They introduced a process of chanting and
dancing that is simply joyful.'
From a discourse
by His Divine Grace Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj
on the Appearance Day Festival of Lord Nityananda Prabhu, February 15,
2003, Nabadwip, India
is a very auspicious day for this world because Sri Nityananda Prabhu
appeared, who is so merciful, more merciful even than Mahaprabhu. When
Mahaprabhu is chastising someone a little, Nityananda Prabhu is giving
much nourishment to him. Kala Krsna Das was unwanted in the Sampradaya,
this was shown by Mahaprabhu, but Nityananda Prabhu didn't care. He
took him and gave him so much mercy, and took him as His own parsada.
Like that, Nityananda Prabhu's character is very, very deep and very
merciful. What can I say about Nityananda Prabhu!
have seen Srila Guru Maharaj show us that he is always depending on
the mercy of Nityananda Prabhu. A servitor wanted to give Srila Guru
Maharaj his Harinam japa mala to chant, but he said, "No, no, no my
only hope now is Nityananda Prabhu. Dayal Nitai! Dayal Nitai! Dayal
Nitai!" This we have seen in Guru Maharaj's character.
that Nityananda was so merciful to Jagai and Madhai, to the Kazi Muslim
leader, and to so many others, fallen souls and asuras. By the mercy
of Nityananda Prabhu they all received liberation and Prema Bhakti ó
not only liberation. That Nityananda Prabhu is more merciful than Mahaprabhu.
Sri Vrindavan Das Thakur and Sri Krsna Dasa Kaviraj Goswami told us
that Nityananda appeared in Rarha-desa, Birbhum District. He was the
only son of Hadai Pandit and Padmavati Devi, but from that day Rarha-desa
became so much enriched with Krsna-Bhakti, and Nityananda Prabhu played
at Ekachakra Dham. Ekachakra village later took the name Virachandrapur.
At that time Virachandra Prabhu bestowed his mercy more than Nityananda
Prabhu all over the world at that time.
The Play of the Lord
the children would play with Nityananda Prabhu in the village, but His
play was Krsna lila. Krsna played in Braja Dham, and Nityananda Prabhu
played all the pastimes of Krsna in the form of Nityananda, as Balaram.
His nature was like that. And that Nityananda Prabhu was just twelve
years old when a sannyasi came to his father's house. As soon as the
sannyasi saw Nityananda, he immediately understood that He was not an
ordinary boy. He asked His father, Hadai Pandit, "I am going to many
pilgrimage places, and it is my prayer that you give this boy to me."
Hearing this was like a thunderbolt to Hadai Pandit and he fainted,
but finally he gave Nityananda Prabhu to that sannyasi.
pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are revealed by Nityananda's
mercy only, because His personal expansion, Ananta Sesa,
is the storehouse of information about Lord Chaitanya
and Lord Krsna's pastimes."
Chaitanya Bhagavata, Adi Lila, Chapter One
Deity of Lord Anantadev holds the Sri Chaitanya
Saraswat Sridhar Seva Ashram of Veracruz, Mexico, recently visited by
this way Nityananda Prabhu left His house when He was twelve years old,
but His pastimes were miraculous. Everywhere He went he gave Krsna-Prema
but He Himself was hiding from all the circumstances. Until joining
with Mahaprabhu's pastimes, Nityananda Prabhu did not reveal much of
His actual nature.
said the sannyasi was Madhavendra Puri, and some said he was another
sannyasi but that later Nityananda met Madhavendra Puri at the pilgrimage
places. Anyhow Nityananda Prabhu and Madhavendra Puri could understand
each other easily, and Madhavendra Puri accepted Nityananda Prabhu,
by divine will, as his disciple.
Puri's meeting with Nityananda Prabhu made a turning point in His life,
and after that, Nityananda Prabhu went to so many pilgrimage places.
Nityananda Prabhu was perhaps one year senior in age to Mahaprabhu.
Then, when He was seeing all the pilgrimage places with ecstasy of Krsna-Prema
He went to Vrindavan, where He searched, "Where is Krsna? Where is Krsna?"
And Krsna himself in the human form came to him and said: "I have now
appeared in a household in Nabadwip." Then Nityananda Prabhu came to
Nabadwip. At that time, Mahaprabhu also came back from Gaya Dham and
showed His Krsna-Prema in the devotees' assembly. When the devotees
understood what was the form of Mahaprabhu, they were very happy and
they understood that this is the incarnation of the Lord and that the
Lord Himself had appeared for bestowing His mercy through Harinam Sankirttan.
started there, little by little, a Sankirttan programme. After coming
back from Gaya Dham, Mahaprabhu started some Sankirttan program every
night in Srivas Pandit's house. This way Mahaprabhu was spending His
time and waiting for Nityananda. Nobody knew why Mahaprabhu wasn't widely
starting, but when Nityananda came, they understood that this is the
cause. Adwaita Prabhu declared that Mahaprabhu is Bhagavan. Srivas Pandit,
Gadadhara Pandit, all declared everywhere that Mahaprabhu is Bhagavan,
and Mahaprabhu also showed them that. But Mahaprabhu was not showing
His full manifestation as the giver of Krsna-Prema. He was waiting for
Nityananda. We see this in the Scriptures.
Mahaprabhu at Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math, London, visited
by Srila Gurudev in September
bhajo bhai, caitanya nitai, sudrdha bisvasa kori'
dear brother, I request that you just worship Lord Caitanya
and Nityananda with firm conviction and faith. If one wants
to be Krsna conscious by this process, one has to give up
his engagement in sense gratification. One simply has to chant,
"Hare Krsna! Hari Hari!" without any motive.
visaya chadiya, se rase majiya, mukhe bolo hari hari
Prabhu came, searching, "Where is Krsna? Where is Krsna?" But when He
that Mahaprabhu was living in Jagannath Misra's house, and He is also
searching for Nityananda, then Nityananda came to Nabadwip to Nandan
Acharyya Bhavan. Nandan Acharyya was a great disciple of Mahaprabhu,
and He stayed hiddenly in his house.
morning, Mahaprabhu said to the Vaisnava group: "Last night I have seen
in My dream that in Haladhar's chariot, Baladeva's chariot, there is
one mahapurusa and He is searching where is Nimai Pandit's house. That
chariot came in front of My house and met with Me. I have seen that
mahapurusa. I am thinking that Baladeva Himself has taken the form of
a mahapurusa and He has already come to Nabadwip. You go and search
where He is!"
devotees searched in so many places, but they could not discover where
Nityananda Prabhu was. They came back, and they were thinking it was
simply Mahaprabhu's dream. But Mahaprabhu said, "It is not only a dream,
it is a truthful dream. Then I shall go." Then Mahaprabhu went to search
in Nandan Acharyya's Bhavan, and there they saw Nityananda Prabhu seated.
When Mahaprabhu saw Nityananda, He was with full joy in His heart with
Krsna-Prema and He was very much intoxicated. And Nityananda Prabhu
also saw Mahaprabhu and could not move, He was so full of ecstasy and
joy in His heart and He became like a senseless man, with Krsna-Prema.
Mahaprabhu came forward
and embraced Nityananda, and They both fainted. They both took Their
divine form, and the devotees understood that Nityananda Prabhu was
not an ordinary sannyasi or ordinary brahmachari. They did not know
Nityananda Prabhu, but they saw Mahaprabhu's expression and Nityananda
Prabhu's expression and they immediately understood that They both appeared
from the divine abode.
many places in the Scriptures it is said that Mahaprabhu is non-different
from Krsna, Abhinna-swarup, and in that way they also considered Nityananda
Prabhu. When Nityananda Prabhu joined in the party of Mahaprabhu, the
party of Mahaprabhu took full form. Haridas Thakur also joined. So Mahaprabhu
got two generals at once: Haridas Thakur and Nityananda Prabhu. Then
Mahaprabhu started to preach widely His conception.
nama harer nama harer namaiva kevalam
kalau nasty eva nasty eva nasty eva gatir anyatha
said to Nityananda Prabhu and Haridas Thakur: "Now you go door to door
and tell everyone: Bolo Krsna, bhaja Krsna, koro Krsna siksa. Nothing
else is necessary to do, and whoever will take it with a clean heart,
I shall be a slave of them, and whoever will be 'anti,' I shall punish
them." This way Mahaprabhu gave orders to Nityananda Prabhu and Haridas.
At first they started preaching to the gentle families without any problem,
but then they saw Jagai and Madhai in the road. Jagai and Madhai were
prestigious in the city as Circle Inspectors of the government, but
they were very bad character men, always drinking, eating meat and doing
many wrong things. That day they were drinking in the road in front
and Haridas both thought, "This is the best place to bestow the mercy
of Mahaprabhu." Then Nityananda Prabhu proposed to Haridas, "I shall
go there," and Haridas, being a little aged, told him, "If they will
chastise You, You may be able to run, but I cannot run, then it will
be dangerous for us, so it is not necessary to go there." He was testing
the mind of Nityananda, but Nityananda Prabhu said, "No, this is a first
class opportunity for showing Mahaprabhu's quality."
Nityananda Prabhu went to Jagai and Madhai and said: "You chant 'Hare
Krsna!' Take Krsna's Name! Bolo Krsna, bhaja Krsna, koro Krsna siksa."
Jagai and Madhai said: "Oh, You are a sannyasi and trying to teaching
us! Get out from here, nonsense person, otherwise we shall kill You!"
Nityananda again approached, but then they came to beat Nityananda and
Haridas. They ran away that day by some means, but Mahaprabhu received
a report and smiled to hear that.
Prabhu's approach was somewhat peculiar. His strategy was
to uplift the most fallen. Like Napoleon, whose policy was
to attack the strongest position of the opposing army, Nityananda
Prabhu wanted to capture the most sinful."
Golden Volcano of Divine Love, His Divine Grace Srila
Bhakti Rakshak Sridhar Dev-Goswami Maharaj
next day Nityananda Prabhu settled, "I must give Krsna-Prema to them."
That next day He went, and that day also He saw Jagai and Madhai drinking
wine. Nityananda Prabhu said, "Jagai and Madhai, anything you can do,
but you chant 'Hare Krsna!' It is the order of Mahaprabhu."
the order of Mahaprabhu! You ran away that day but today again you have
come?" There was a wine pot nearby, and they threw that wine pot to
the head of Nityananda and cut it. Blood was falling, and Nityananda
Prabhu exclaimed, "This is more mercy of Mahaprabhu to Me," and He again
told them: "You can beat Me more and more, but you chant 'Hare Krsna!'
It is the order of Mahaprabhu. You will get liberation."
said, "Now again you are coming to me!" Then again Madhai took a wine
pot, a clay wine pot as used at that time, and wanted to throw it at
Nityananda Prabhu, but Jagai took his hand and told him, "Nonsense!
He is a sannyasi. Why you are behaving with Him like this? Nonsense.
this, Jagai made some good comment and stopped him. In the meantime
other people saw what was happening, and they gave news to Mahaprabhu
that Nityananda Prabhu was hit and that He did not want to come back,
determined to give them Harinam and Krsna-Prema. Then Mahaprabhu went
there with His big devotee party, and He saw the blood on Nityananda
Prabhu's head, and Mahaprabhu was very angry. He forgot His mundane
appearance and He called the sudarshan chakra and He wanted to cut off
the heads of Jagai and Madhai. In the meantime, Nityananda Prabhu took
the lotus feet of Mahaprabhu and said, "What are You doing? This is
not dwarpa-yuga. It is kali-yuga. Here tolerance and humility are necessary.
If You want to bestow Your mercy to others, through tolerance and humility
You can do that. You cannot use the chakra in this Avatar. This incarnation
is not for that."
Mahaprabhu said, "I cannot tolerate this type of activity of the asuras."
Nityananda Prabhu said, "But both of them are not offenders. One is
an offender but one rescued us from him. One saved us from the other's
stupidity." After hearing of Jagai's activity to save Them, Mahaprabhu
excused Jagai. Jagai took the Hare Krsna Mahamantra and fell down thinking
of his previous karmma. He took the lotus feet of Mahaprabhu: "Mahaprabhu,
please forgive my offences. There is no other way." Jagai then received
circumstances there were very heavy, but in the meantime Madhai also
became a little conscious to see Jagai's activities. Seeing that, Madhai
also took the lotus feet of Mahaprabhu, but Mahaprabhu said, "I cannot
do the same for you. You go to Nityananda. If He will give you forgiveness,
then you will get My embrace. Otherwise, it is not possible." Then Madhai
took Nityananda's lotus feet.
matta nityananda kapa-avatara
uttama, adhama, kichu na kare vicara
ye age padaye, tare karaye nistara
ataeva nistarila mo-hena duracara
anyone will take shelter of Nityananda Prabhu, He is very merciful to
him. Then He gave all forgiveness with Krsna-Prema to Madhai, and Mahaprabhu
also embraced Madhai. Jagai and Madhai then chanted 'Hare Krsna' and
danced with Krsna-Prema.
Nitai-Chaitanyadev at Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math, Sri Jagannath
ore bhai, tri-bhuvane nai emona doyala data
pasu pakhi jhure, pasana vidare,
suni jara guna-gatha
dear brother, just try and examine this. Within the three
worlds there is no one like Lord Caitanya or Lord Nityananda.
Their merciful qualities are so great that upon hearing
them even birds and beasts cry and stones melt.
see Mahaprabhu's pastimes as rescuer of the conditioned souls, the general
people were so astonished and they glorified Mahaprabhu so much. Mahaprabhu
said to Jagai and Madhai, "Jagai and Madhai, if you do not do this again,
I can forgive your offences forever. Now chant 'Hare Krsna!'" Jagai
and Madhai asked Mahaprabhu, "Please give some service to us, Your servitors."
Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu said, "You chant 'Hare Krsna' and give
this Hare Krsna Mantra to everyone, and sweep the pathway by the Ganges
and keep it clean. Then with a clean heart you can proceed." Jagai and
Madhai every day did that, and that place is still known as Madhai Ghat.
Our parikrama party crosses the Ganges from that place.
everyone knows that Nityananda Prabhu is the Supreme Personality of
Godhead's second incarnation. That is Nityananda Prabhu. Madhavendra
Puri initiated Nityananda Prabhu. Haridas Thakur, Adwaita Acharyya Prabhu
and others there also received initiation from Madhavendra Puri.
Puri was a sannyasi, and he was always with Madhavendra Puri. Many times
Madhavendra Puri came to Nabadwip and Shantipur, and stayed with Isvara
Puri in the house of Adwaita Acharyya. Sometimes they took prasadam
in Mahaprabhu's father's house, Jagannath Misra's house.
Prabhu is the main pillar of preaching Krsna consciousness of Sri Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu. Mahaprabhu took sannyas. Before that, at a function, Mahaprabhu
gave permission for Nityananda Prabhu to hold a Vyasa-puja ceremony.
Nityananda Prabhu did that puja, but He gave the final garland to Mahaprabhu,
thereby showing Chaitanya's glories. Mahaprabhu chanted the Holy Name
of Lord Krsna: "Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama
Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare." This was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's preaching,
but more than that, He was the non-different form of Hare Krsna ó the
non-different form of Radha Krsna. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu bestowed
His mercy to the general people.
The Nectarine Fountain of Chaitanya-lila
By His Divine Grace Srila Bhakti Rakshak Sridhar
From The Golden Volcano of Divine Love,
is the nature of divine mercy to extend itself without caring for any
law. The only consideration is our eagerness to accept it. Mercy is
offered in this way: "Do you want this?" If we simply agree, "Yes, it
is wonderful and most tasteful," then we can have it. If our prayer
is genuine, then nothing else is required. It is a simple transaction.
If we want it, we will get it. Krsna consciousness is most simple. Whether
one is fit or unfit is unimportant. Anyone who simply wants it may have
what of those who don't want this divine gift? For them, Sri Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu distributed special mercy though His most magnanimous canvassing
agent, Sri Nityananda Prabhu. Nityananda Prabhu won't allow even those who want to avoid Krsna
consciousness to escape. If someone says, "I don't want it," Nityananda
Prabhu won't allow it. He will say, "No! You must want it. I request
you earnestly-take it! Use it and you will be able to feel the value
of Krsna consciousness."
capture the market, a clever merchant may distribute free samples of
his product to his customers, saying, "Take one free! There is no question
of paying any price now. I am giving this away. Use it, and if you feel
the value, the utility of my product-buy it." And then afterwards everyone
a similar way, Nityananda Prabhu traveled throughout Bengal making His
humble appeal. Nityananda Prabhu would knock at the door and fall at
the feet of His customers, crying, "Please accept this! Don't dismiss
Me. Don't drive Me away. Please do what I say. Give all your attention
to Gauranga and you will be benefited beyond expectation. This is My
request to you." He would shed tears, roll at their door, and say, "You
are reluctant to accept this, but have no doubts. I implore you - take
it! Believe Me. Please accept Gauranga!" In this way, Nityananda Prabhu
used to wander down both sides of the Ganges, roaming here and there
and preaching about Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Prabhu knows only Gauranga. He is represented in krsna-lila as
Baladeva. Baladeva apparently performed the rasa-lila, but at
heart was only arranging rasa-lila for Krsna: His nature shows
the experts of devotion that He is always dedicated to Krsna. Otherwise
He would not be Baladeva. He has no individual thoughts for His own
enjoyment; every atom of His body is always eager to make arrangements
for the enjoyment of Krsna. In a similar way, every atom of the body
of Nityananda Prabhu is conscious transcendental substance. And every
atom of His body is meant only for the service and satisfaction of Sri
Down From Your Throne!"
Mahaprabhu's mother, Sacidevi, had a dream that Krsna and Balarama were
on a throne and Nityananda Prabhu was addressing Baladeva, "Come down
from Your throne! Your days are over. Now my Lord Gauranga will be installed."
Baladeva refused: "No. I have My Lord - Krsna." There was a fight, but
Nityananda Prabhu was stronger and He took Baladeva down from the throne,
saying, "Your day has gone. Now the time for My master, Gauranga, has
come. You are a trespasser, an usurper - You must come down." And Baladeva
could not defeat Nityananda, who took Him down from the throne.
Saraswat Math, Sri Nabadwip Dham
- The Divine Servitor, His Divine Grace
Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj
"What is Krsna-lila? It is the real essence
of nectar. It is the gist of sweetness, happiness and
ecstasy. The sweetness of the sweetest thing that can
ever be conceived of is represented in Krsna-lila.
Then what is Chaitanya-lila? In Chaitanya-lila,
that sweet nectar of Krsna-lila is flowing in
all ten directions in hundreds of streams as is from
a fountain. That fountain is Chaitanya-lila"
the nature of Nityananda Prabhu's relationship with Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
He has nothing of His own; His everything is Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
As Baladeva is to Krsna, Nityananda Prabhu is to Sri Chaitanya Mah‰prabhu.
of Sriman Mahaprabhu's descent was to distribute the devotional service
of Vrndavana most generously. On the other hand, Nityananda Prabhu used
gauranga, kaha gauranga laha gauranger nama, yei jana gauranga bhaje
sei amara prana
Gauranga, speak of Gauranga, chant Gauranga's name. Whoever worships Sri Gauranga is My life and soul." Nityananda Prabhu tried
His best to make the people at large accept Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
What did He say? "Come straight to the campaign of Sri Chaitanya and
you will safely attain Vrndavana."
course, Navadwipa, the abode of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, is no less
valuable than Vrndavana, the abode of Krsna. The same rasa which is
found in Vrndavana is present in another feature in Navadwipa. Some
devotees have a special attraction for vrndavana-lila, others
have a special attraction for navadwipa-lila, and a third group
represents both camps, but Navadwipa is the most generous. In Vrndavana,
the pastimes of Krsna are confined to a confidential circle, but in
Navadwipa, those pastimes are distributed. Gaura-lila is more
generous than krsna-lila.
the Chaitanya-charitamrita (Mad. 25.271), Krsnadasa Kaviraja Goswami
explains his conception of the difference between gaura-lila
amrta-sara, tara sata sata dhara,
dasa-dike vahe yaha haite
se caitanya- lila haya, sarovara aksaya,
mano-hamsa caraha' tahate
says, "There is no doubt that we find the highest nectarine taste of
rasa in krsna-lila. But what is gaura-lila? In
gaura-lila, the nectar of krsna-lila is not confined to a limited
circle, but is being distributed on all sides. It is just as if from
all ten sides of the nectarine lake of krsna-lila hundreds of
streams are flowing."
highest aspiration is to achieve the service of Srimati Radharani, but
in the beginning, we must approach Sri Nityananda Prabhu through His
manifest representation, the Guru. Nityananda
Prabhu consolidates the foundation which helps us progress further in
devotion. Quick progress without a good foundation invites a negative
reaction, so the mercy of Nityananda Prabhu is our primary necessity.
ye chayaya jagata juray
heno nitai bine bhai, radha-krsna paite nai,
drda kori' dharo nitaira paya
holy lotus feet of Nitai, cooling like ten million moons
In the shade of which the world gains soothing relief;
Without that Nitai, O brother, no one can reach Radha and
Krsna- Clasp His lotus feet with full conviction.