vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau
"I offer my respectful obeisances unto the Six Goswamis,
namely Sri Rupa Goswami, Sri Sanatana Goswami, Sri Raghunatha
Bhatta Goswami, Sri Raghunatha Das Goswami, Sri Jiva Goswami and,
Sri Gopala Bhatta Goswami."
4. The Appearance of Sri Raghunatha Das
Then, the fourth personality is Sri Raghunatha Das Goswami. He
was born nearly five hundred years ago in Krsnapur village, Hooghly
District. He came in the Kayastha caste. His father, Hiranya Majumdar,
was a very rich man. His father had one brother, Govarddhana, but Raghunatha
was the only child. His father and uncle were state landowners. At that
time, they collected 20 lakhs (2,000,000) rupees in taxes. 12 lakhs
was to be paid to the king, and their net income was 8 lakhs.
heard about Mahaprabhu after His sannyasa. Hiranya and Govarddhana
had association with Advaita Acaryya, and they used to make an annual
contribution to all the superior Sanskrit scholars and their schools,
in Bengal, of the time.
Mahaprabhu went back to Sri Advaita Acaryya's house (Advaita-bhavan)
after His sannyasa, Raghunatha Das came and saw Him, and became
mad with Love of Krsna. His heart was completely melted by Mahaprabhu's
beauty and charming Personality, His Devotion and His Teachings of Devotion
for Krsna. Mahaprabhu Himself was also aware of this. Raghunatha would
not leave Mahaprabhu, but the Lord told him, "Go home. Don't be over-enthusiastic;
control yourself. Keep your Divine Love for Krsna within your heart,
and don't express it outwardly. Don't advertise it. Very soon the time
will come when Krsna will guide you. He will make a way for you. Don't
allow any external show but keep it within your heart."
sthira hanya ghare yao, na hao batula
krame krame paya loka bhava-sindhu-kula
(C.c. Madhya 16.237)
yourself and go home don't be a madman. One reaches the shore of the
material ocean gradually."
he later came into the association of Nityananda Prabhu in Panihati.
Nityananda Prabhu said to him, "Give a feast here for My followers.
You are the son of a rich man, so manage to give a feast here for my
Raghunatha did so, and Nityananda
Prabhu was very satisfied. He also blessed him, saying, "Very soon your
bright day will come." And He addressed His devotees, "See this young
boy he has immense wealth; in abundance he has everything required
for a young man's enjoyment, but he does not care for it. Krsna's Grace
has come down into his heart, so he does not care for anything of this
world; but he's mad to leave his home of
grandeur and become a street beggar. He has become mad for Krsna. Just
see this high ideal devotion, attraction. Love of Krsna has made him
mad. He is very, very fortunate. This royal dignity and prosperity cannot
he returned home. But one day Hiranya and the others noticed that he
no longer entered the inner section of the house. He began to stay in
the outer section only. His father and other guardians thought that
his condition had become very grave, so ten men were engaged to keep
guard that he may not leave.
day in the early morning before sunrise, the family Guru, Yadunandana
Acaryya, suddenly entered the house. Finding Raghunatha in the outer
section of the house, he met him and requested him, "I am going out
for some important business, but there is no one to worship my Deity.
So please ask one Brahmana disciple in my name to serve the Deity
for a day or two during my absence." As Yadunandana Acaryya left, Raghunatha
went with him. The guards saw him going with the family Guru, so they
did not interfere. On the way, Raghunatha requested the Guru, "You may
go ahead with your business, and I shall request the gentleman to do
the worship in your absence."
Guru left. Raghunatha took advantage of the situation. Perhaps he requested
that man to do the service, but he started off in the direction away
from Puri. He knew that as soon as they realized at home that he wasn't
returning, they would send men to search for him on the way to Puri.
So for the whole day he walked in the opposite direction. In the evening
he stopped at a cowherdsman's house, took a little milk from him and
passed the night in the cowshed. Then in the morning he started for
his guardians found that Raghunatha had not returned home, they heard
from the guards that he had gone with the family Guru. They went to
the Guru's house, but Raghunatha was not to be found. Then they thought
that he must have left for Puri, and they sent ten men to that side.
They returned without finding him. In this way, Raghunatha cleverly
managed to escape. For twelve days he walked to Puri, taking food here
and there for only three of those days. On the other days no food was
necessary. He was helped by Divine Love, surcharged.
had already heard that Mahaprabhu was at the Gambhira, the Kasi Misra
Bhavan. He went there, and in the courtyard fell flat in obeisances
Datta announced to the Lord,
"Raghunatha has come."
look after him. He has come with great difficulty, walking and walking
without food. Take care of him for a few days. Then, he will manage
That was the direction
of Mahaprabhu. For a few days Raghunatha took Prasadam there.
After that he began to beg at the gate of the Jagannath temple.
parents now thought it was impossible to bring him back, and they did
not make any further attempt. But they sent some money with one Brahmana
and two servants, instructing them to hire a house and offer Raghunatha
a place to stay, and see that their son may not die without food. They
tried their best, but Mahaprabhu continued to subsist on alms. Over
a period of two years, Raghunatha invited Mahaprabhu to take Prasadam
at that house, and the Lord did so for his satisfaction. After that,
Raghunatha left that idea, thinking, "This is only to produce some name
and fame for me. Mahaprabhu is not pleased with such Prasadam."
Damodara was the dearmost Attendant of Mahaprabhu, and a very good scholar
as well. Raghunatha was also a scholar we find that later he left
the world beautiful poetry in Sanskrit. Mahaprabhu gave Raghunatha over
to the charge of Svarupa Damodara, saying, "I request Svarupa Damodara
to take your charge, and he will advise you what will be necessary for
your devotional life."
suddenly one day, Raghunatha approached Mahaprabhu:
have You managed to take me out of my house, and what is my best benefit?
If You please tell me in Your own words, my heart will be satisfied."
have given you over to the charge of Svarupa Damodara. He is more qualified
than even Myself. Still, if you want to hear something directly from
Me, then I say in brief:
gramya-katha na sunibe, gramya-vartta na kahibe
bhala na khaibe ara bhala na paribe
amani manada hanya krsna-nama sada la'be
vraje radha-krsna seva manase karibe
indulge in worldly talk, don't hear worldly talk. Try your best to avoid
mundane matters. Don't eat delicious dishes, but take whatever ordinary
food may come of its own accord; and don't dress luxuriously. Always
try to take the Name of Krsna with the attitude of giving respect to
others, without expecting respect from anyone. Be humble, but never
aspire after respectful dealings from others. In this way, try to take
the Name of Krsna constantly. And within, try to serve Sri Sri Radha-Krsna
in Vrndavana. Mentally, be in Vrndavana rendering Service to Sri
told Raghunatha that this was the essence of His advice to him. Then,
He again took Raghunatha's hand and offered it to the hand of Svarupa
Damodara. He said, "I am giving you to the charge of Svarupa Damodara.
He is the best Spiritual Teacher. He will take care of you."
Raghunatha's arrival in Puri, Mahaprabhu stayed there continuously for
sixteen years. After that, Mahaprabhu departed from the world. Raghunatha
left Puri and went to Vrndavana, thinking, "I have what is to be had;
now I only want to see Vrndavana Dhama once, and then I shall leave
this body by jumping from the highest peak of Govarddhana." With this
idea he went to Vrndavana, but there he came into contact with Sanatana
Goswami and Rupa Goswami he found the beginning of a new life. He
thought, "What is this? Mahaprabhu has not departed He is living in
delegated Rupa and Sanatana with the power to preserve the Devotional
Current they had received from Him, and to present it in a new light.
They were asked to prove by drawing upon different Scriptures that Mahaprabhu's
Teachings are the very gist and purpose of all the Scriptures. As in
Bhagavad-gita, vedais ca sarvvair aham eva vedyah: "The attempt
of every Revealed Scripture is to show Me as the Highest Centre I
am the Absolute." So Mahaprabhu said, "Krsna is the Absolute. With the
help of the different Scriptures and and historical reference by all
means possible try to prove that Krsna is Svayam Bhagavan,
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and that Vraja-lila, Vrndavana-lila,
is the highest achievement."
two brothers had already begun that work when Raghunatha came into their
association, and he found, "Oh! Mahaprabhu is here." He abandoned the
idea of leaving this world, and joined Rupa and Sanatana as their disciple.
Mahaprabhu had already ordered Sanatana Goswami, "My followers are very
poor and helpless. You'll have to look after them whenever they come
to Vrndavana. You'll have to be the caretaker of all my disciples that
come to Vrndavana." So Raghunatha came to Sanatana Goswami, and Sanatana
Goswami took care of him.
was so self-forgetful that one day as he was sitting on the banks of
Radha-kunda and taking the Name, a tiger came just beside him to drink
water, but Raghunatha paid no attention. Suddenly, Sanatana Goswami
came upon the scene. He was astonished. Up until then Raghunatha had
lived under the shade of a tree, but Sanatana said, "Please construct
a hut to live in. Don't disregard my request I entreat you to do this."
Then from that time he managed to construct a small dwelling and stay
there. His abnegation, vairagya, was incomparable. Sanatana,
Rupa, and all the Goswamis' indifference to worldly enjoyment was extreme,
but Raghunatha's abnegation surpassed all.
he was in Puri, sometimes he would beg Prasadam at the gate of
the Jagannath Temple, and sometimes he would take Prasadam at
a chatram or free kitchen where rich men distribute Prasadam
for beggars. But then he thought, I am taking what is due to other to
unsold Jagannatha Prasadam is given to the cows of Jagannath
Puri. But when it becomes so stale that it emits a bad odour, even the
cows cannot eat it. So now Raghunatha would wash that Prasadam
with sufficient water, and adding a little salt he would eat that. Mahaprabhu
heard about this, and one day when Raghunatha was taking that Prasadam
Mahaprabhu approached and suddenly took some and ate it. He said, "Oh!
I have tasted so many times the Prasadam of Jagannath, but such
sweet Prasadam I have never taken anywhere!"
what is the taste in Prasadam? It is not mundane. Raghunatha
had such intense faith in Prasadam that he lived on apparently
rotten things with a little salt and he was the son of a family of
kingly opulence. So much indifference was in him. And in his last days
in Vrndavana, he would pass each day taking only a pot of ghol,
buttermilk. This is not possible for a man of flesh and blood. Great
souls like the Goswamis are really personalities come down from the
other world, and so it was possible for them to show the ideal of abnegation.
It is not possible for ordinary humans of flesh and blood to observe
such a degree of abnegation without dying. But the Goswamis created
the standard and ideal by such vairagya. At the same time, Raghunatha
studied Rupa Goswami's presentation of the highest type of Rasa or Devotional
The Acme of Divine Service
Raghunatha Das Goswami appreciated the acme of Divine Service, the culminating
point of Divine Service Radha-dasya, which is Servitude unto
Srimati Radharani. Therefore he is the Prayojanacaryya. Srila
Sanatana Goswami is generally conceived of by his successors as the
Acaryya of Sambandha-jnana. Sambandha refers to
'what is what' 'what is my position in the spiritual hierarchy.' That
was explained most clearly by Sanatana Goswami. And Abhideya
what we should cultivate in order to attain to our objective was
mainly given by Srila Rupa Goswami. He taught us how we can attain fulfilment
of our life in the Domain of Love. And what is particularly the highest
point of our attainment, or Prayojana, was very vividly shown
by Srila Raghunatha Das Goswami. In his famous sloka he says:
asabharair amrta-sindhumayaih kathancit
kalo mayatigamitah kila sampratam hi
tvan cet krpam mayi vidhasyasi naiva kim me
pranair vraje na ca baroru bakarinapi
sloka has given us the highest conception of our attainment in
the school of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. What is that? Srila Raghunatha
Goswami is addressing Srimati Radharani: "O Queen of my heart, for a
long, long time I am waiting with great patience to have Your Mercy,
which is so sweet to me that I cannot avoid it. It is heart-melting,
heart-attracting, heart-crushing. It is so deeply touching me I can't
avoid Your Service Connection. Somehow I have managed to come such a
long way, to endure such a long time, but I am impatient now. Be gracious;
if You are not gracious upon me, I have got no hope. I will come to
the end of my patience.
Vaisnavas are a class of Vaisnava that only need the mercy
of Srimati Radharani and nothing else. This final conclusion
has been given to us by Srila Raghunatha Das Goswami and
Srila Rupa Goswami.
Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj
"My life will end here. So much so, that, what shall I do with
this Vrndavana? Vrndavana is of no use to me! What is the utility of
living my life? It is useless it will end with no utility. I can't
love even Vrndavana, which is associated with the Lila of Krsna.
To say nothingof Vrndavana, I can't relish the company of even Krsna, without
You. Without You, even Krsna is meaningless to me. I can't tolerate,
I can't relish either my own life, or this environment, or even Krsna
if He Himself comes to grace me I can't relish that, without Your
please be gracious upon me. You are all-in-all. Without You, Krsna consciousness
is not Krsna consciousness. Your position is so great, so beautiful
in Krsna-lila You are the centre of all the Lila of
Krsna. Without You I can't conceive of any life worth living. I utterly
surrender unto You, my Queen."
is Radha-dasya. Our best fulfilment is in the Service of Sri
Radha, because only she can
attract the Grace of Krsna. She is the other Half who can draw the maximum
Rasa, Ecstasy from Krsna in quantity as well as in quality.
So those who are serving Srimati Radharani get the highest type of qualitative
Rasa from Krsna in reciprocation for their Service. That
cannot be had through any other channel. Service that comes through
Srimati Radharani is of the highest quality, so Her Service should be
our summum bonum of life.
was announced clearly by Srila Raghunatha Das Goswami who is considered
to be Prayojanacaryya, the Guide to show us our highest fulfilment
of life. By our association with this day and by our humble attempt
to discuss all these matters, we may be benefited in the achievement
of our goal. This is the day of the advent of such great personalities.